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The Dean’s Scientific Oration
As a media to develop a world-class research environment, the school is going to hold a monthly scientific oration started on 24 November 2015. The scientific oration purpose is to promote the young faculty members who have developed scientific knowledge and technology in the business and management discipline.
Every faculty member should be able to compose a scientific speech that has a positive impact on business and management discipline in an effective, communicative, and substantive manners. Oration is a formal speech, or oral communication in front of a mass audience as a form of a faculty member dedication to his/her discipline to improve the scientific knowledge. Oration is also served to held the faculty member accountable for the development of the scientific discipline based on his/her expertise.
The purpose of this scientific oration is to introduce and disseminate the faculty member ideas and contribution, to increase the research quality, and to motivate faculty member to involve deeply in the development of business and management discipline.
The main characteristics of scientific oration lie in its emphasis on new premises and thoughts on theory, concept, model, technology, strategy, approach, and recommendations based on research results or the experience of the corresponding faculty member. The oration should also incorporates analysis of an issue based on scientific principle; affect or relevant for discipline-related policy; based on critical synthesis and study, not on merely data collection or previous research compilation; not in the form of guidelines, but emphasizing on the scientific and thoughtful review.
The content of an oration is the quintessence of previous scientific works, scientific perspective development, individual contribution in the development of his/her research discipline, and the faculty’s overall contribution to solving a strategic and practical problem faced by government and society. The substance of oration material lies in the embodiment of the faculty intention in developing his/her discipline and expertise for Indonesian progress and world culture.
As a guidance for drafting, the scientific oration manuscript may include an introduction, general overview on the subject matter, the faculty member research result (reasonings, new ideas, and technical aspects), development prospects, conclusions, relevant references, and vitae. The oration manuscript should be written in English since it will be published in SBM-ITB’s website. The core of the manuscript should be not more than ten pages, excluding references, vitae, and appendices.
The scientific oration is planned for 45 minutes and then continued with questions and answer session to sharpen the research focus and to provide input for future studies. The whole session is scheduled to take place for 90 minutes. The participants of the oration include SBM faculty members and doctoral students.
1. The fifth scientific oration was delivered by Dr. Nur Budi Mulyono on 24 May 2016
"Self-Organized Network of Humanitarian Logistics"
The operation of logistic and inventory has been recognized as an important aspect of disaster relief. Here, the role of logistics is delivering the needed items to the disaster victims quickly and efficiently even in very remote parts of the disaster area and under difficult circumstances. Inventory plays critical role in managing all life support items and providing those items to the victims. Pre-positioning relief inventory during disaster preparedness enable each inventory location to fulfill the demand for the short period after the disaster. However, due to sudden demand after disaster and chaotic condition at that moment, relief inventory level at each inventory location may vary significantly and some of them may shortage of necessary items.
Accurate information about demands and supplies acquired during disaster is extremely important in generating action plan of relief logistic and inventory including lateral transshipments. The operational research approach is the best tool for modeling lateral transshipments option assuming availability of the accurate information. However, accurate information of demands and supplies during disaster is precious thing, due to loss of communication abilities and infrastructure damages. To overcome this constraint, we propose a humanitarian logistic model to leverage the inventory level between locations using self-organize network called 3R model (self-repair, self-recognize, self-rewire). This model is build based on the theory of cellular automata, spatial game, and stable matching. We address the following research question in detail: (i) How does the self-organize network of humanitarian logistic improve the system performance? (ii) What is the best model to choose and under which circumstance that model work well? (iii) What the necessary preparation for getting the best performance of humanitarian logistic and avoiding the reverse effect?
2. The fourth scientific oration was delivered by Dr. Yudo Anggoro on 1 March 2016.
"Industry Clusters, the Economy of Agglomeration, and Competitiveness in Indonesia"
The Indonesia’s economy has been growing substantially in the last decade. Various indicators support this claim of Indonesia’s solid economic performance. However, despite of having promising potentials, Indonesia also faces serious challenges that may thwart its potential to grow. The Indonesian economy has severe long term problems in terms of infrastructure deficiencies, nationalistic industrial policy and institutional corruption. Despite of having thousands of islands, economic development in Indonesia has been heavily concentrated in Java Island, especially in the capital city of Jakarta and its metropolitan area. If this situation keeps persist, the Indonesian competitiveness would be in jeopardy.
One way to spread economic development in Indonesia is by establishing industry clusters and growth centers that specifically focus on local potentials. The purpose of the development of growth centers is to optimize agglomeration benefits, to exploit regional strengths, and to reduce spatial imbalance of economic development throughout the country. This study assesses the competitiveness of some industry clusters in Indonesia. Utilizing set of methodology such as in-depth interview, location-quotients, shift-share analysis, and econometric model, this study concludes that most clusters in Indonesia are not on the competitive level yet, and therefore creates room for policy makers to design a more balanced industrial policy.
3. The third scientific oration was delivered by Dr. Irwan Trinugroho on 9 February 2016.
"The Effects of Political Connections on Finance and Banking?"
It has been widely known that business is strongly affected by politics, especially in the countries with high level of corruption, weak legal systems and poor governance (Faccio, 2006; Nys et al., 2015). In this present paper, we start by discussing some worldwide evidence, seminal papers and previous studies in this issue. Going deeper, we provide some evidence based on our empirical studies as we have extensively researched the effects of political connections on business, more specifically in the banking industry in the context of Indonesia.
First, we find evidence that politically connected banks are getting more deposits more so after the shifting from blanket to limited guarantee scheme. It means, depositors perceive that such banks are less risky because banks’ political connections are expected to implicitly guarantee that the government would rescue them in case of distress and depositors could thus more easily recover their funds. In the second research, our results reveal that politically connected banks have higher performance than that of non-connected banks. Moreover, they are also benefitted by getting lower cost of deposits. Political connections, however, are less valuable for foreign banks. Our third study provides evidence that politically connected banks have greater market power than their non-connected counterparts.
In general, it could be concluded that politically connected firms may be benefitted of their connections in the short term (improve performance, higher probability of being bailed out, access to funding with a lower cost …..). However, it may harm the society as a whole. Moreover, it could also be a detrimental factor for well-distributed economic growth. Some policy implications and future research direction are discussed.
4. The second scientific oration was delivered by Dr. Sylviana Maya Damayanti on 26 January 2016.
"Asset Allocation Strategy to Create Superior Portfolio
from Equity Mutual Fund"
There are many factors that cause an investor’s success or failure in investing. One of the most decisive factor is the strategy to allocate investment assets. Therefore, investors need to make asset allocation to get the optimal return. This paper are trying to see whether the return generated from investor can be enhanced certain specific investment strategy, through mutual funds. This study aims to give options for the investors in choosing the winning investment strategy. This study discuss three strategies such as Buy and Hold Strategy, Installment Plan Strategy, and Asset Allocation with Rebalancing Strategy. Three rebalancing process are applied, which is quarterly, semi-annually, and annually.
30 active equity mutual funds from 2007-2015 was using to calculate the superior portfolio. This study use sharpe ratio method to calculate the portfolio return. The research result shows that strategic asset allocation with rebalancing strategy is considered best done by an investor. This finding can be used by investor as a reference to invest in equity mutual funds to improve the profit to develop investment.
5. The first scientific oration was delivered by Dr. Andika Putra Pratama on 24 November 2015.
Homo Religiosus Work: On “Religiosity”, Ethics, and Management by Andika Putra Pratama, PhD
A growing management and organizational scholarship has called for a more meaningful and holistic way of studying religion and religiosity in the workplace. As a complex phenomenon, religion has been approached from a variety of angles and in various forms. Particularly in the management literature, religion has largely been discussed rather prescriptively. More empirical studies exploring religion or religiosity in the context of management are needed, including the various ways in which religion affects people’s behavior at work, the good and the bad. In this oration, I intend to highlight the theoretical approach I have developed in my dissertation, focusing on a psychological disposition related to some forms of sacredness, along with some discoveries I have found on the relationship between “religiosity” and ethics. Generally, I propose to see religiosity not as an “entity” separate from the realm of work, rather as an integral aspect of human living and functioning. It is similar to other psychological dispositions such as values and something that human beings “carry” to all aspects of their lives, including organizational lives. Several potential research directions are proposed.